Dezember 2019, Team Strategische Stadtentwicklung und Statistik 2013, Osnabrück: Lebendiges Zentrum im Osnabrücker Land, Friedensstadt Osnabrück: Der Westfälische Friede, "Staedtereport_Osnabrueck_okt_2009.pdf (application/pdf-Objekt; 106 kB)", "Garrison town fears slump as army pulls out", "Stadtporträt: Osnabrück stellt sich vor", "Environmental Education at the University of Osnabrück", "British soldiers march out of Osnabrück after 63 years", "Bevölkerungsaufbau 2013 und Bevölkerungsveränderungen", "Höchstes mittelalterliches Bauwerk Niedersachsens", "Der neue Oberbürgermeister hat "Ja" gesagt", Independent Film Festival Osnabrueck official website, Derby and Osnabrück Facebook page (retrieved 15/01/2015), Derby City Council website, Town Twinning page. The origin of the name Osnabrück is disputed.  Due to budget cuts, the troops were withdrawn in 2008 and the property returned to the local government.. By 2006, the new foundation of the Fachhochschule had become one of the largest public law foundations in Germany by expenditure. The collection is updated at regular intervals. In cooperation with Beijing Normal University, the Danube University Krems and the University of Tempere, an Erasmus+ Joint master's degree (Master in Research and Innovation in Higher Education) was introduced in 2012. In December 2011, eight research applications from the University of Applied Sciences for grants from the European Regional Development Fund (with a total value of roughly 1 million euros) were approved. In total, 276 women were executed, along with 2 men who had been charged with wizardry.  The university is made up of four departments along with the Institute of Music; it offers 68 Bachelor's and 31 Master's study programmes (including post-professional courses) in a wide variety of subjects.  In spite of the massive destruction inflicted on the city during World War II, the Altstadt (old town) was eventually reconstructed extensively with designs loyal to the original medieval architecture there. The town's first railway line was built in 1855, connecting it with Löhne.  The signage system on the Caprivi Campus was designed by Andreas Uebele.  Amidst shortages, the black market thrived and became one of the main focuses of police activity. Osnabrück University of Applied Sciences Overview »International Programs, Incoming and German-Courses« Internationalization is an important part of Osnabrück University of Applied Sciences Overview Largest foreign resident groups in Osnabrück as of 31 December 2017[update]:. Turin, Italy): April-September 2016 …  The Napoleonic period saw possession of the city change hands several times.  The later 19th century also saw growth in the number of schools and the arrival of electricity and modern sanitation. The city's football team is VfL Osnabrück, founded in 1899. 336 reviews. (retrieved 15/01/2015), Cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Osnabrück&oldid=993115665, Populated places established in the 8th century, Articles incorporating a citation from the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Westphalian-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2015, Articles containing potentially dated statements from December 2017, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2010, Articles with German-language sources (de), Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. All of the types of German grammar schools are represented in the city, including seven Gymnasien. Meanwhile, Winkelhausen Kaserne(named after Colonel Will… Two institutes of higher education exist in Osnabrück, the Universität Osnabrück (University of Osnabrück) and the Hochschule Osnabrück (University of Applied Science of Osnabrück). , Following the Nazis' seizure of power in January 1933, Osnabrück was subjected to the implementation of National Socialist economic, political, and social programmes. The university has sites in the Osnabrück districts of Westerberg and Haste along with another site in Lingen in Emsland, which is due to be expanded under the terms of the Hochschulpakt 2020 (University Pact 2020) programme.