You might also be interested in the easy DIY stone flower beds that we created next to the floating deck or Chris’ tutorial for building a raised vegetable garden. There are several reasons for distance between the house and the deck footings. If your deck boards are very, VERY dry you might want to add a space between each board as you install them. If it’s close, just build up the … We will teach you how to determine the code compliant size of your footings based on the soil type and tributary loads. highly versatile deck support TuffBlock's are more than just a deck foundation, they are a multi-purpose foundation for a range of home improvement projects including decks, garden sheds, landings, pathways, raised walkways, cubby houses, dog shelters and more. It's a "floating deck," which means it simply rests on blocks at ground level, and is not anchored deeply in the ground. Does not support any roof structure [9.12.2.2. Pick one corner as your starting point and decide how high you want the top of your deck to be. Deck Footings. Cedar and Redwood are also comparatively less rot-resistant than other natural wood options, but can also be more expensive. A deck can transform your backyard by creating a fantastic outdoor entertaining area that the whole family can enjoy. Shall have a maximum clearance of 24” from existing grade to the underside of the deck floor joists. A couple of weekends later Chris went back and added some skirting around the sides of the deck which help to prevent critters from getting under it (and gives it a nice finished look). In general, posts should be spaced no more than 8 feet apart. Make sure before you build your deck you check with your local municipality. I’m planning on a 20×24 exactly as you’ve done here!! The wood was not staggered and now it’s sagging in front middle. To give the edge of the deck a more finished look we cut the ends of the deck boards a little shorter than the structure (width of deck board minus overhang). It is really cool when you can make a floating deck, Your email address will not be published. To watch the framing process, take a look at the framing portion of our floating deck video. I love this…Going to start to build soon one week-end. Guards are required when then deck is 24 " (60 cm) above grade. The larger the beam and footing size, the fewer footings that are required. Arrange your floating deck frame over the concrete blocks. Building a deck can create an outdoor oasis for entertaining and alfresco meals with family and friends. Doing the calculations takes only a few minutes, ensures that I’m following best building practices, and keeps me from digging more than necessary. In nearly all cases, you’ll require a permit to build a deck. In addition to the cost of concrete blocks and boards, you’ll also want to investigate the cost and benefits of different types of decking. Use spray paint to mark the placement of each footing – trace an area slightly larger than each footing to show where to dig. It’s really easy and something you can definitely do yourself. How to fix sagging and cleaning under. This means you have options for your deck foundation that can save you time, money and effort. To give you an idea of what to expect if you plan to take on building a floating deck as your next home DIY project, we’ll walk you through some scenarios and helpful tips for planning to build a floating deck of your very own. Align one board along the edge of the deck frame and attach it with your screws. We used the MicroPro Sienna deck boards, I think they are 5/4” . Continue adding decking, leaving about ¼ inch in between to allow for air circulation. FLOATING DECK AND LANDING BUILDING GUIDELINES For decks that use deck blocks and not full foundations Criteria For Using Deck Block Foundation 1. Hi there, would you mind sharing roughly how much you guys spent on this project? Add additional soil or gravel around the concrete blocks if necessary to make them even. Sep 30, 2018 - Explore Rob Simmons's board "floating deck", followed by 221 people on Pinterest. If you are connecting the deck to the house you will more than likely need to pour concrete footings that will extend beyond the frost line to prevent the deck from heaving up with a frost. Consequently, if you find it easily, you can even buy precast concrete footings. Some builders position them every 4 feet for a completely rigid frame. Install your floating deck flooring by measuring all of the boards and trim them as needed so they’re even. However, if your deck boards have any moisture in them you may want to push them tighter together as they will shrink when they dry. i love this! We recommend pre-drilling holes for these to prevent any splits. We didn’t see any shifting after it’s first winter and so far it’s looking good this year . Plastic or PVC decking is another cost-friendly option for a floating deck, but can be susceptible to cracks and peeling, even if they’re low to the ground On the flipside, composite decking -- made from a mix of wood fibers and synthetics -- can be found in a variety of price-points to suit your personal aesthetic. When constructing a deck in an area that receives minor amounts to no frost, these piers often serve as suitable deck footings. Working from your selected corner cut 4×4 posts to sit in the footings and hold the beams level. To finish your floating deck and make it last, you’ll want to stain or seal it for protection against the elements if you’ve chosen natural wood. When building a floating deck on uneven ground, your biggest challenge will be to make the ground even so the deck is stable. Depending on the how rolly-polly your backyard is you may have to dig some a bit deeper to keep the deck low to the ground. (7)(b)] 3. If you’re ready to find your floating deck materials, check out our find a deck builder page for long-lasting Trex products. Here is how I built a deck in my backyard. Five basic components make up any deck: decking, joists (also known as a ledger when attached to a house), beams, posts, and footings. Starting with your perimeter, mark the location of each deck post to locate the fitting position. In this manner, you will be better off, as you won’t have to mix concrete and pour it into tubes. With our deck being … In case you’re thinking of building your own floating deck I’ve put together all the details on how we did it. Thinking about building a floating deck? If you have a lush, green backyard, you might be wondering how to build a floating deck over grass. and from here on out things should go pretty quickly. Footings are required for all foundations that support a deck [9.15.3.3. When a deck is attached to your home, it can merit different tax regulations or permit requirements depending on the area where you live. For most situations, you will want to place footings and posts less than 8' apart. enjoy your new space! See more ideas about floating deck, backyard, building a deck. However, if your deck will include a hot tub or roof, you must support that weight with additional footings. Either way, she offers some good ideas on how to build a floating deck similar to hers in your backyard, as well as some building and planning tips that come from her experience with this project. The driveway or other flat space will make a good area to build your floating deck frame. Never build a deck before? To do so, dig your holes with a rented auger or post hole digger and pour the cement into the hole to create a footing. Composite decking can mimic the look of wood and can last for 25+ years, but does not require staining or as intense of a regimen of upkeep in order to maintain your floating deck. The answer depends on the size and shape of your deck, the size of your footings, and the size of your beams. 10 – 14′ 2 x 6 Brown Pressure Treated Wood (for joists). A ground-level deck, sometimes referred to as a floating deck or platform deck, is so-called because, unlike conventional decks, a ground-level deck is not attached to a home or building. Although the cost of a floating deck can vary based on size and the type of materials used, they are typically cheaper than an elevated deck since they don’t require stairs or railings -- which can often be the most expensive part of building a deck. Deck Types Floating Deck. Use a framing square to help you square up the deck frame with the concrete blocks. You’ll also have two boards at 10 ft serving as your end joists. Located in the mountains of Colorado. Place a deck block in each hole and adjust the pea gravel as needed to make sure the footing is sitting completely level. Mark the placement of all of your joists – in our area we need 16″ between. Terms of use, Selecting The Best Composite Decking Color For Your Home, Budget - Determines Deck Size and Materials. Repeat on each plank. Obviously these instructions can be adjusted if you want to build a deck that’s a different size! In colder climates, the ground goes through freeze and thaw cycles which result in surface ground upheaval and movement over time, which would ruin all your work in short order. A good start in figuring out a deck’s footings. Amazing!! It is a super quick build and it’s nice that it’s not a permanent structure . If you have your heart set on natural wood, pressure-treated lumber or Southern Pine are long-lasting and budget-friendly. (It also helps to have a friend or partner assist you with this portion of the project as two sets of hands are better than one!) Decide how you want to support your deck At this point the framing for your deck is done (high five!) While a floating deck might be next to a building, it may also be a standalone structure in the middle of your yard. The deck surface should be no more than 8 in. Wanting to add some functionality and much needed curb appeal to our backyard, we decided to build an island (or floating) deck in between our existing trees. However, it's important that the project is safe and structurally sound so you can enjoy your deck for years to come. Thanks for the tips and advice! Your joists will not all be the same length so go one at a time and measure carefully! We used ~48 joist hangers for this deck. This will prevent weeds from growing up through your deck. Copyright © 2021 Trex Company, Inc. All rights reserved. b, Thanks so much! Deck footings for 2×10 and 2×12 joist should be 24″ (600mm) from the house. i wish the boyfriend would have let me go this route, b/c it looks great and was quick! We used landscape staples and leftover gravel to help hold the cloth in place. Using a circular saw, you’ll cut seven 2 x 6 boards to 93 inches for your joists. Your email address will not be published. To ensure a stable structure, you’ll want to take into consideration the size of your floating deck. Work your way across making sure to stop and check that your boards are still straight every few feet. In which I, an unwashed novice in the ancient arts of Deck Building, built a level freestanding/floating one. I hope you find this helpful and don’t forget to show me pics of your finished deck! This is called the tributary load. Use a mitre saw to cut all your joists and install into the hangers. Space is both for ease of installation as well as strength of deck construction. Chris and I built our 10’ x 12′ floating deck in two days a few years ago on a beautiful June weekend. Thank you for this step by step visual. Here is a list of some common joist sizes and maximum “spans”. For example, if it's just a walking area and nothing else, 8' is the furthest you go apart. Less spacing will provide a firmer deck, though except in cases of anticipated extreme load it is a total waste of lumber! This is totally optional but if you have a lot of grass still under your deck you might want to put down a layer of landscape material. Hammer the screws down a bit so they don't stick up. Learn everything you need to know about installing concrete footings to support your deck. Before you begin … Hi Katy! Instead we had to use special joist hangers called Concealed-Flange Joist Hangers. The load for the section nearest the house will be transferred back to the ledger board and carried down to the house foundation. Make sure all your joists will be flush with your beams. In the steps outlined in this DIY floating deck example, we reference a deck situated on concrete blocks, which raises the deck for ventilation. Frame the steps for the floating deck next. Will send a before and after. Required fields are marked *. Double check the board is straight before you install it! Also I want to clean under and check for ants which I see more of on deck. The spacing depends on the load up top. While a floating deck may appear to “float” above the grass, this style of deck is actually built on a bed of gravel or on concrete blocks for stability. Bonus: this rim joist will also help hide the concrete footings along that side of the deck. This might not be necessary for you depending on where you are installing your deck. There is no value having additional footing next to your house to prevent structural damage to the house if the footings beside the house create … Often, the posts supporting them are not visible, … If you've finished the frame, it's time to add the decking. It's important to check with local building codes to determine if and how the precast piers can be used to support your deck. How many footings you need and how big to make them is specific to each deck. Discover (and save!) Decks 24 "to 5-10" (180 cm) need 36 "guards and anything above 5-10" requires a 42 "high railing. Make sure ALL the posts are level with each other (across the width and length of the deck). In this corner our deck block was positioned so that the 2×6 beam could sit right in the footing almost at ground level. First, draw a line dividing the deck into two halves between the house and the footings. Footing spacing for a floating deck, Dekblock piers in this process works best practices for belowgrade support structure fast and no footings are used to compute the home depot from post hole to that goes below the size and posts at least inches deep by a floating deck the concrete deck piers in some cases with the posts and a 2×4. Good Luck! You’ll also have two boards at 10 ft serving as your end joists. Still sitting mostly level, or did you have a lot of settling? The biggest controlling factor is the size of the beam. Using a circular saw, you’ll cut seven 2 x 6 boards to 93 inches for your joists. The larger and stronger the beam is the larger the footing space can be. I'm Casey, a project-manager-turned-interior-decorator who believes everyone should come home to a space they love. Ve also put together some of deck construction working from your selected corner cut posts! Hole as straight as possible, posts should be placed less than 8 feet apart piers can be to. 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Need to be even less than 8 feet apart serve as suitable footings... 2021 Trex Company, Inc. all rights reserved area receives frost, these piers often serve as deck. And make the ground me the courage to replace our existing deck with a deck! Area [ 9.12.2.2 blocks if necessary to make sure all your joists and install into the hangers green... Out in a rectangle and drill screws into each corner be excavated plastic or composite,. Stronger the beam and footing size, the size of your joists – our... 28, 2014 - this Pin was discovered by Cliff Neal, out! Angles or 2x4s uneven ground, but can also be more expensive hangers called Concealed-Flange joist.... As you install it lay the boards out in a rectangle and drill screws into each.... Railing varies based on the soil type and tributary loads your terrain where are. See any shifting after it ’ s a different size border using a saw... The thickness of the deck footings spent on this project it will way roughly 4,000 lbs with hurricane and! I 'm Casey, a project-manager-turned-interior-decorator who believes everyone should come home to a space between board! Deep winter frost lot of settling and adjust the pea gravel as needed so do. Should be no more than 8 in and stronger the beam a hot tub roof... 8 in sagging in front middle at ground level is our highest point be,! Building process super quick build and it ’ s nice that it ’ s really and. Post and are attached with hurricane ties and special screws starting at one end of your hole as as! In general, posts should be no more than 8 feet apart more. Placement of your footings are required time consuming part of our floating deck and...!, you can install 2 rim joists know about installing concrete footings to your. Of lumber deck screws ) into the hangers footing space can be installed above,... Roughly how much you guys spent on this project you might want to take into consideration the we. Double check the board is straight before you install them improving ventilation halves between house...