by Celia Eddy – August 12, 2012Since the seventeenth century, traders had been bringing back vivid red printed fabrics from the East that didn’t fade in sunlight or run in water. Mackintosh went into partnership with David Dale and set up a dyeworks at Dalmarnock on the river Clyde in 1785. As the Industrial Revolution spread across Europe, chemists and manufacturers sought new red dyes that could be used for large-scale manufacture of textiles. Turkey red is a color that was widely used to dye cotton in the 18th and 19th century. The British Red Coat soldier’s fabric was also dyed with this natural dye. Modern Western viewers would see these shades as "basic," "true," or "common" red, the ancestor of that color found on the ubiquitous red bandanna. Price: $27.98 Sale: $27.98 per bundle. This month we'll begin in the 1840-1865 period ---the Civil War era--- with tips for finding authentic reproduction prints in Turkey red and Prussian blue style. Redwork has been commonly used in folk embroidery since stable dyes were developed in Turkey (hence the old name of Turkey Work), and was very popular from 1880 through the early 1900s. Blue Sky by Laundry Basket Quilts for Andover Fabrics . "Turkey Red in Blackley: A Chapter in the History of Dyeing", excerpt from Pro Memoria-Turkey Red Dyeing and Blackley, a manuscript by W.H. Much industrial espionage went into trying to find out but it was the French who, in about 1747, discovered the secret of Turkey red dyeing and set up the first successful dyehouses in Europe. It was made using the root of the rubia plant, through a long and laborious process. t: 01904 613242 | f: 01904 632394, Interesting Discoveries Under the Floorboards at Oxburgh Hall, Norfolk, Workshop and Call for Papers, University of Wolverhampton, Talk on Antique Quilts at Croxton near Thetford, Norfolk on 14th March 2020. International Quilt Museum, University of Nebraska. Beginning in the 1880s women had been willing to pay extra for Turkey Red thread because unlike most colors it was colorfast. Turkey red used the root of the rubia plant as the colorant, but the process was long and complicated, involving multiple soaking of the fabrics in lye, olive oil, sheep's dung, and other ingredients. And this feathered friend is circa 1860. There were hundreds (thousands?) Beginning in the 1740s, this bright red color was used to dye or print cotton textiles in England, the Netherlands and France. Sarah's Story 1830-1850, Turkey Red 31598 18 fabric designed by Betsy Chutchian for Moda Fabrics sweetgirlstudio. Turkey red cotton dyeing took off in Scotland in 1785, when master dyer Pierre Jaques Papillon, also from Rouen, came to Glasgow at the invitation of businessman George Mackintosh. I… By 1840, white and red fabric quilts became popular and the trend lasted for twenty years. York YO1 7PW, admin@quiltersguild.org.uk Treat with a solution of alum, or alum mixed with ashes and Saccharum Saturni (lead acetate). Steep in a fresh liquor of Barilla ash or soda, sheep's dung, olive oil and white argol (potassium tartrate). Available for textile history lectures and workshops anywhere in USA. Turkey red cotton was often dyed in the yarn and then woven into red fabric. I dye in twenty days what he took 25 to do, and the colour better’. The roots are red and about the size of a finger. These two are from a Quaker Quilt from Chester Co. Pennsylvania, dated 1850. $100.00. John Christie jnr, son of the first Chairman of UTR, formulated a cheaper and quicker Turkey-red dyeing process, as well as introducing other artificial dyestuffs, but the company failed to encourage or exploit the diversification promised in this work. Antique and Textile Fair, Manchester, Sunday 14th April 2019. An estimated 90% of the fabric produced was exported to North and South America, East Africa, Indonesia, China and especially to India where it was used for such things as saris and shawls.In the 1880s the production of alizarin was synthesized and German technical monopoly in production of this artificial alizarin, which speeded up the dyeing process considerably, resulted in a reduction in price of the finished goods. A sampling of Turkey red fabrics in my collection. Get in Touch: St Anthony's Hall, Peasholme Green, York, YO1 7PW curator@quiltersguild.org.uk Tel: 01904 613242 Find us on Google Maps » One popular color imported into Europe from Turkey and India in the 18th and early 19th century was Turkey red, known in France as rouge d'Andrinople. Turkey red pattern with a horse and rider. Antique Turkey Red Bandana Cotton 1900s Selvedge Western Cowgirl Collectors ... Vtg Victorian 1890's FRENCH Linen SILK Jacobean Curtain Panel Floral . He invited Pierre Jacques Papillon, a chemist from Rouen, to Scotland to show him the dyeing process. The most common turkey red fabric material is cotton. The fabric was more expensive but resulted in a fine bright and lasting red, similar to carmine, perfectly suited to cotton. Comments & History : Willimantic : Willimantic Linen Co. Wood : Silk : 1871 or earlier. From shop sweetgirlstudio. Individual threads in a piece of Turkey red fabric. Willimantic is Algonquin for land of the swift running waters : 6 cord : Wood : Cotton : Aunt Lydias : American Thread Fall River MA : Name on Using extension rings on the lenses allowed us to produce extreme detail within the images, to the point where you can almost count the individual threads of the fabric. It was made by the traditional weavers called cāliyans. The dye comes primarily from the root of the madder plant (Rubia tinctorum). Turkey Red, (pic.#5 & #12) a highly valued rich, deep, brilliant red dye for yarns and fabric, was known to use blood, dung, and urine in the dyeing process, and it was extremely colorfast. As the Industrial Revolution spread across Europe, chemists and manufacturers sought new red dyes that could be used for large-scale manufacture of textiles. DMC floss in color number 321 is the most popular color used for redwork. Including the processes which had to be repeated, there could be anything up to 38 stages. Embroidered picture quilts, done in turkey red … Turkey Red was one of the most stable colors in both solid and printed fabrics. Redwork embroidery, as simple as its name suggests, is embroidery with red cotton thread over white fabric. Find information, membersand teachers/speakers here. Produced for centuries in the east, the Turkey red-dyeing process would later became synonymous with printed cottons in Scotland, and thus the original, mainstream bandana. Quilting stitches include cross hatch, daisy and freehand leaves. In 1868, a synthetic version of the alizarin dye was invented, which lowered the price of the fabric and ushered in a second craze of Turkey red and white quiltmaking. Blue Sky Blue Large Floral Yardage SKU# 8505-B . The most popular color? Very expensive to dye, red fabrics were historically a sign of wealth and status. $29.20 shipping. Turkey red came to Western Europe in the 18th century after French and British dyers sent spies east to learn the process. This quilt contains the same Turkey red calico throughout indicating purchased yardage was used rather than scrap fabrics from other sewing projects, and therefore most probably came from an affluent family. Fresh Food Restaurant and Café in Palmer, AK. In England, the first Turkey red dyeworks was established in Manchester after Louis and Abraham Borelle of Rouen revealed the ingredients and processes to the Manchester Committee of Trade. Reproduction star by Bettina Havig in Turkey red and shirting prints Vintage print: Typical imported Turkey red print from about 1840-1865. It took its name from an embroidery thread known as Turkey Red. These two are from circa 1850 also. The dye known as Turkey red, is believed to have been refined in the Middle East for Turkish carpets. It originated in India or Turkey, and was brought to Europe in the 1740s. The color is durable but the process caused the yarns to wear, revealing the inner white yarn shaft. Add to Wish List. David Harvie described the ways in which madder was grown, harvested and processed, before listing the many and laborious dyeing processes from which, finally, emerged the famous Turkey red cloth. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Turkey_red&oldid=930950959, WikiProject Color articles needing infobox sources, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the New International Encyclopedia, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 3. In 1790 the industry expanded westwards to the Vale of Leven, attracted by lower labour costs and the pure fast-flowing water in the river Leven.The chemical alizarin extracted from the roots of the madder plant is the vital ingredient for the production of mordanted red dyes. The term ‘Turkey red’ applies not to the colour but rather to the process that was used to create the bright and fast red that is seen in the National Museums Scotland Turkey Red Collection. Throughout its history Turkey red dyeing has been notorious as a uniquely noisome and unpleasant dyeing process; according to Robert Chenciner, in  Madder Red: A History of Luxury and Trade, it was a ‘noxious, stinking dyeing process with appeal limited to those who feel equally at home in the kitchen or the cowshed.’ Chenciner goes on to tell us that an 18th-century traveller in Greece, hunting for the secrets of Turkey red, noted that in a certain village where it was produced ‘the stench was so bad its only inhabitants were the dyers and their families.’ This is only too credible, as the dyeing processes required the use of copious quantities of blood, urine and animal dung!Initially, only cotton yarn could be dyed by the Turkey red method because of the difficulty of applying the oil mordant evenly – cotton fabric could only be dyed after 1810 after the process had been improved. 12. A personalized quilt would feature fabric from a child's dresses. This led to a huge rise in the population of that area, such that between 1831 and 1891 it had risen from 3874 to 14,379. Turkish textile and clothing industry has a significant role in world trade with the capability to meet high standards and can compete in international markets in terms of high quality and a broad range of products. Turkey red is one of the most recognizable cottons in 19th-century quilts. 16. Fortunately some 200 UTR pattern books are preserved in the collection of the National Museums Scotland (see www.nms.ac.uk/collections__research/colouring_the_nation.aspx). Reproduction fabrics for qulting and costume making. A similar color, sometimes more accurately called Indian red or rouge des Indes, originated in India. One popular color imported into Europe from Turkey and India in the 18th and early 19th century was Turkey red, known in France as rouge d'Andrinople. Established in 2008, Turkey Red is the leading fresh food restaurant in Palmer, Alaska. 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