By law, WSDOT is required to open the Hood Canal Bridge drawspan to mariners within one hour’s notice, and motorists are advised to expect up to 60-minute delays with each opening. It has experienced a number of bridge failures before and after the well known Tacoma Narrows Bridge collapse in 1940. Lost portions rebuilt 1979–1982; the remainder of the bridge has since been replaced. In particular, much had been learned from building offshore oil-drilling platforms. It is the second concrete pontoon floating bridge in Washington's highway system, and the world's first floating pontoon bridge built over salt water subject to tides. On August 16, 2003, they came across a midden -- the refuse dump of an ancient Native American village, and shortly thereafter came upon many human remains and artifacts that revealed the largely intact Klallam village of Tse-whit-zen under layers of industrial rubble and fill. The Free Encyclopedia of Washington State History. Pontoon bridges were designed for calm lakes. Listed openings are for maintenance and commercial and pleasure craft only . These were bolted together to form two continuous rigid piers. The Hood Canal Bridge will undergo a required blue ribbon inspection that includes an overall assessment of the bridge’s mechanical, hydraulic and electrical systems. The rebuilt bridge opened to traffic on October 3, 1982. As a precaution, the bridge is closed to vehicular traffic whenever winds reach 40 miles per hour and stay at that velocity for 15 minutes. Accounts say that passenger cars and a semi-truck barely made it off before the bridge broke apart and sank. The HCBRSC’s role was to review the work of the advisory committee (HCBRAC), offer recommendations, and provide overall direction on the development of the Closure Mitigation Plan. The alerts provide an estimated road-closure duration. If no drawspan openings are listed immediately below, no non-military drawspan openings are scheduled. Washington is a state with many bodies of water to cross, including Puget Sound, Hood Canal, the Columbia River and numerous smaller rivers and creeks. When the Hood Canal Floating Bridge partly sank in a 1979 storm, Andrew again became the mark of critics, although he had died ten years earlier. Cause: Overloading—20-ton fully loaded logging truck attempted to cross 5-ton rated bridge. Hood Canal Bridge on SR … Floods in 1894 carried part of an upstream railroad bridge into the Division Street bridge in 1894; metal fatigue, shoddy steel, and a design flaw were also cited by contemporary sources, sfn error: no target: CITEREFArksey2006 (, "Broken bridges part of Washington history", Washington State Department of Transportation, "I-5 bridge collapses over Skagit River, no fatalities", "Fourth Avenue bridge: Bridge over rubbled water", Tacoma Narrows Bridge ("Galloping Gertie"), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_Washington_state_bridge_failures&oldid=996636010, Transportation disasters in Washington (state), Washington (state) transportation-related lists, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Steel swing bridge collapsed when first tested, Cause: Fire—Wooden deck and wooden approach arch burned following vehicle collision, Cause: Storm—Severe windstorm and human error caused flooding of pontoons. If no drawspan openings are listed immediately below, no non-military drawspan openings are scheduled. Hood Canal Floating Bridge (William A. Bugge Bridge) North End of Hood Canal, Washington: United States 13 February 1979: Floating bridge Blown pontoon hatches combined with extreme windstorm 0 killed, 0 injured Western drawspan and western pontoons sunk; other sections survived. Tse-whit-zen occupied the Port Angeles site for at least 2,700 years until supplanted by industrial development in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, and turned out to be one of the largest and most significant archeological sites in Washington. Listed openings are for maintenance and commercial and pleasure craft only . Skill Level: Advanced and/or foolhardy. Windfinder specializes in wind, waves, tides and weather reports & forecasts for wind related sports like kitesurfing, windsurfing, surfing, sailing, fishing or paragliding. At the center is a retractable pontoon draw span that opens to a 600-foot clearance. [1][2][3] According to University of Washington meteorologist Cliff Mass, Western Washington is "particularly vulnerable to such bridge losses, with long floating bridges and the powerful winds associated with our terrain and incoming Pacific cyclones. Hood Canal Bridge Die Hood Canal Bridge, offiziell William A. Bugge Bridge, ist eine Schwimmbrücke im US-Bundesstaat Washington.Sie führt die Washington State Route 104 von der Kitsap-Halbinsel über den Hood Canal auf die Olympic-Halbinsel. Cause: Collapse of drawbridge following sinking of piers, This page was last edited on 27 December 2020, at 20:13. Nobody was injured or killed when the Hood Canal Bridge went down in 1979. Gap at the west end of the Hood Canal Bridge where the bridge truss used to be. Dive Site Name: Hood Canal Bridge, west side. Make sure you have the WSDOT mobile app and check our winter driving webpage. Einheiten Unsere Standard-Einheiten sind Knoten und Grad Celsius. It was a Tuesday. Sie führt die Washington State Route 104 von der Kitsap-Halbinsel über den Hood Canal auf die Olympic-Halbinsel. Those who subscribe receive a brief electronic message that lets them know when they’ll be delayed due to a marine opening or a traffic-impacting incident on the bridge. Every time I come around, it's for more bridge money" (Dorpat and McCoy). On Tuesday, February 13, 1979, about 7 a.m., the western half of the Hood Canal Bridge sinks during a severe storm. An e-mail and text message service that alerts motorists of Hood Canal Bridge openings is now available. The new western half of the Hood Canal Bridge was rebuilt with much heavier anchors that were pretensioned in three directions instead of in only one. On the day of the storm, southwest winds aligned exactly with the direction of the canal, and within this huge wind tunnel the bridge was the only resisting solid object. This is the wind, wave and weather forecast for Hood Canal Bridge in Washington, United States. It took until 1982 to rebuild, a sturdier bridge this time with newer technology and stronger anchors. Cause: Fire—Welding torch ignited wood deck, heat weakened steel, causing structural failure. Washington State Department of Transportation (WSDOT), Hood Canal Bridge after the failure of the western half, 1979, Hood Canal Bridge, east truss span, July 2003, Hood Canal Bridge, center draw span photographed from the control tower, 2003. Holstine and Hobbs say 7 bridges lost, this apparently does not count losses on minor tributaries of the Methow. One person died and three others were injured Thursday after a six-vehicle crash on the SR 104 Hood Canal Bridge, according to the Washington State … The traffic openings … Traveler Notice. The bridge is one-and-one-fifth miles long (7,869 feet). Forecast This forecast is based on the GFS model. On Tuesday, February 13, 1979, about 7 a.m., the western half of the Hood Canal Bridge sinks during a severe storm. Senator Warren Magnuson, Chair of the Senate Appropriations Committee, immediately began lobbying for federal funds. He knew how to lobby for emergency bridge funds because he had just done so on behalf of the West Seattle Bridge, which was destroyed when the freighter Chavez rammed it on June 11, 1978. Cause: Fire—Fuel tanker truck collision weakened steel, followed by structural failure, Cause: Vibration—Sheep herd crossing bridge, Cause: Collision—Tractor-trailer collision on deck. Additional information about the Hood Canal Bridge is located … It has experienced a number of bridge failures before and after the well known Tacoma Narrows Bridge collapse in 1940. And, as before, the blame was unjust. It has approach spans and truss spans built on piers, and a center span built on 23 floating hollow concrete pontoons, each composed of 93 cells, and each weighing about 5,000 tons. Washington is a state with many bodies of water to cross, including Puget Sound, Hood Canal, the Columbia River and numerous smaller rivers and creeks. The Hood Canal Bridge: February 13, 1979 The most expensive local bridge failure was undoubtedly the Hood Canal Bridge, which failed during a freak windstorm, one in which gusts at the bridge reached well over 100 mph. Hood Canal Bridge Reconstruction. Waves 10 to 15 feet high crashed against the bridge for hours, until finally the western floating portion sank, leaving three-quarters of a mile of open water. Workers began building a graving dock to be used for constructing bridge components near Ediz Hook in Port Angeles. Current Sensitive: Yes. Deadliest Washington bridge disaster with at least 17 deaths. Hood Canal is not a man-made canal but a fjord -- an arm of the sea -- 55 miles long and subject to heavy currents, tides, and giant waves. In 2003, WSDOT began the process of building a replacement for the now-older eastern portion of the bridge. Location: West side of the Hood Canal Bridge, adjacent to Shine Tidelands State Park. Note: An earlier version of this essay stated in error that the date in question was a Friday. Driving Directions: Heading west across the Hood Canal Bridge, make a right turn at the end of the bridge on to … Washington State Department of Transportation (WSDOT), "Hood Canal Bridge History," WSDOT Projects website accessed August 5, 2003 (http://test.wsdot.wa.gov/projects/ sr104hoodcanalbridgeeast/history); Paul Dorpat and Genevieve McCoy, Building Washington: A History of Washington State Public Works (Seattle: Tartu Publications, 1998), 126-127; Eric Morris, "Octopus Tales: Diving on a Freeway," Northwest Dive News website accessed August 6, 2003 (http://www.nwdivenews.com/MC/index.asp?showcol=Y&ID=90); "20th Century's Top Stories: Hood Canal Bridge Collapses," Bremerton Sun, December 31, 1999, Bremerton Sun website accessed on August 6, 2003 (http://www.thesunlink.com/packages/ millennium/story32.html); HistoryLink.org Online Encyclopedia of Washington State History, "Bridge construction project unearths Tse-whit-zen, a largely intact Klallam Indian village, in a major archeological discovery on August 16, 2003" (by Kit Oldham and David Wilma) www.historylink.org/ (accessed August 10, 2006). The bridge may also close to drivers as conditions warrant. Cause: Some combination of storm, collision, overloading. Andrew had opposed the design compromises forced by budget limits, though whether these caused the bridge's failure is uncertain. It's current sensitive the same way that a hurricane is 'wind sensitive'. Hood Canal Bridge Area Traffic Alerts and Cameras. The Senator sighed: "They must think we don't know how to build bridges out here at all. Cause: Flood—Floodwaters from January 17 event broke through ice jam on January 19. Storms tended to damage the bolted joints that hitched the pontoons together. This essay  was updated on August 10, 2006. Generally, the Hood Canal Bridge will close to vehicle traffic and may open the draw spans during storms involving wind speeds in excess of 40 mph that are sustained for 15 minutes or longer to relieve pressure on the bridge structure. Die Hood Canal Bridge, offiziell William A. Bugge Bridge, ist eine Schwimmbrücke im US-Bundesstaat Washington. Even before the bridge opened on August 12, 1961, there were engineering worries and technical problems. The nationally notorious collapse of the Tacoma Narrows Bridge on November 7, 1940, also came to mind. "[3], Failures from Holstine and Hobbs analysis of 1923–1998 WSDOT data; excludes demolition, removal, replacement, Bridge failure data from WSDOT 1905–2009 list, Some sources say a total of 27 bridges had to be replaced. In response to the rediscovery of the village, WSDOT relocated its graving dock to Tacoma. Some believed the bridge had been sabotaged and others believed that the Navy had cut one or more cables to let a submarine through. ♦ Hood Canal Bridge Replacement Stakeholders Committee ( HCBRSC). The single greatest cause of failure in Washington has been flooding, frequently associated with severe storms, which then results in destructive bridge scour. Hood Canal Bridge on SR … Have an emergency kit in your vehicle and be aware of forecasts. The floating portion was held in place by braided steel cable tied to 42 concrete-block anchors each weighing more than 500 tons. Inaugurated eight days after part of the Hood Canal Bridge sank during a severe storm, cutting a key highway link between the Olympic Peninsula and the rest of the state, the new run supplements existing ferry service between Port Townsend and Keystone on Whidbey Island. In that storm, The Hood Canal Floating Bridge broke apart and sank to the bottom. Since the design of the original bridge, marine building technology had advanced considerably. However, an independent consulting firm concluded that the storm had moved three anchors tied to the first pontoon just west of the draw span and everything had gone down from there. In the following days divers found that the storm had snapped the massive (about three feet in diameter) cables. All DOT floating bridges undergo similar inspections, the department said. SHINE – The Hood Canal Bridge will be closed intermittently between 2:30 a.m. and 7 a.m. Sunday for construction work. The inspections occur during daylight hours so inspectors can see inside tight spaces and get detailed observations of bridge components and … The water level rises and falls as much as 18 feet. It is also the longest floating bridge on sea water. Verwende den Tidenkalender für Hood Canal Bridge um die besten Last-Minute-Reiseziele für deinen Kiteboarding-, Windsurfing oder Segel-Urlaub in United States zu finden. The bridge had always been controversial, for some peninsula people preferred a rural way of life that the bridge with its stream of traffic compromised. At first the origin of the winds was a great mystery. It is the second concrete pontoon floating … Dealing with the bridge adds about 1-2 whole days to a journey that only usually takes 10-14 days to get from Puget Sound and Hood Canal waters out to … A strong Pacific cyclone was approaching the coast of central Vancouver Island (see figure). SEEKING SOLUTIONS The HCBRAC brainstormed 62 transportation options to help address transportation demand during the bridge … Know before you go Storms have the potential to close the SR 104 Hood Canal Bridge until weather conditions improve. By law, WSDOT is required to open the Hood Canal Bridge drawspan to mariners within one hour’s notice, and motorists are advised to expect up to 60-minute delays with each opening. The last man off the bridge claimed he saw three maintenance hatches open (these provided access to the interior of the hollow concrete pontoons), and water pouring in. There was vigorous debate on what to do about the bridge. 1. Diese werden häufig von Seglern, Kitern, Surfern, Windsurfern oder Paraglidern verwendet. The bridge on State Route (SR) 104 connects the Kitsap Peninsula with the Olympic Peninsula. Forecasters expected … SR 104, Hood Canal Bridge - Bridge Number 104/4 and 104/5 East and West Approaches - Port Gamble, Washington Benefits and reasons for using Accelerated Bridge Construction: The Hood Canal Bridge is a vital link between the Kitsap and Olympic Peninsulas. You can walk across Hood Canal Bridge, but you don’t have to Administrator The in basket: The state has decided it gave me some wrong information in reply to Bill Schaefer’s question a month ago about whether it’s legal to be a pedestrian on the Hood Canal Bridge. Proposed solutions ranged from ferry transportation to an underwater tunnel to a suspension bridge (very difficult to build in that extremely deep location). Die Brücke wurde … The bridge on State Route (SR) 104 connects the Kitsap Peninsula with the Olympic Peninsula. For several hours before the Tuesday the 13th catastrophe, a storm has battered the bridge with winds of 80 miles per hour gusting to 120 miles per hour. (The Naval Submarine Base occupies four miles of Hood Canal's eastern shore at Bangor.) Crews working for the state Department of Transportation will open the bridge to traffic several times to ease congestion. Ultimately, the Washington State Department of Transportation (WSDOT) decided that the most economical and efficient solution was to rebuild the western portion of the bridge. 1 … hood canal bridge collapsed in a storm in 1979 Proving their worries, the western pontoons sank in a severe 1979 storm. ^ SR 104, East Half , and SR 104, West Half , from National Bridge Inventory Von der 2398 m langen Brücke sind 1988 m als Schwimmbrücke ausgeführt, was die Brücke zur längsten Schwimmbrücke der Welt im Salzwasser macht. 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