Ainsworth's graduate students, including Mary Main and Patricia “Pat” Crittenden, made important developments to attachment science and theory. Mary Main, Ph.D. identified a fourth style, which was added in. The work was completed by her student Mary Main, and Main’s research led to shocking conclusions. Both Main and Crittenden realized that the criteria Ainsworth was using did not allow for the attachment classification of a significant number of children. ADULT ATTACHMENT INTERVIEW PROTOCOL George, C., Kaplan, N., & Main, M. (1985). Developmental psychologists, Mary Ainsworth and John Bowlby, were responsible for the creation of Attachment Theory and the various attachment types. The four Attachment styles have endured over the years and are in use in psychological research and practice: Secure, Insecure-Ambivalent, Insecure-Avoidant and Disorganized-Disoriented. The Work of Mary Main, Judith Solomon, and Erik Hesse. The Adult Attachment Interview. Unpublished manuscript, University of California at Berkeley. An adult attachment interview, which is most commonly associated with researcher Mary Main and her associates, is a semi-structured interview that generally consists of about 20 questions.It is based on Paul Grice's cooperative principle — a short set of standard conversational expectations that consist of relation, manner, quality and quantity. (Note: This document is for illustration only. Main discovered so many babies were peculiar, she got concerned about the parents. In disorganized attachment, the parent reacts to the child’s upset by being frightened or frightening to the child -- compounding the child’s fear. In 1986, another psychologist Mary Main working with Judith Solomon gave a new understanding to some behaviors of the children Mary Ainsworth had examined but could not resolve. Coming to Los Angeles: Dr. Dan Siegel with Drs. Mary Main and Erik Hesse are presenters at a 2-day program December 11-12, 2010 in Los Angeles. Introduction Beginning in the 1970s and throughout the ’80s, Mary Main, a protégé of Mary Ainsworth and research psychologist at the University of California, Berkeley, began interviewing parents and studying the interactions with their babies. Those who supported attachment theory got defensive. We can interview a person and tell if they were securely attached. Earned secure attachment: According to Mary Main, (1995) the primary characteristics of “earned secure attachment” are metacognitional and integrative thinking.This includes the capacity to elaborate a theory of the other’s mind, decentralising, the ability to reflect on one’s mental states, and the establishment of a sense of mastery and personal efficacy. So in 1982, she created the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI) to study the adults, releasing results 1984-96. Disorganized attachment is the most insecure type of attachment and constitutes a risk factor for a range of psychopathologies. Mary Main’s Attachment Research. This was not one of Ainsworth's initial three categories of attachment, known in research as 'A', 'B' and 'C', but was identified by Mary Main in subsequent research and is known as 'D'. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/2516103218816707 Mary Main at the University of California Berkeley invented the Adult Attachment Interview, and said we don’t have to look at childhood. Contact the authors for information about training and the most current version of the interview protocol.)