Using ssh-keygen to export the key in the .pem format worked for me. If you followed the instructions to create a Key Pair in the DreamCompute panel, you have already downloaded a .pem file. Press Advanced button to open Advanced site settings dialog and go to SSH > Authentication page. I am trying to connect to a remote server using SSH on PowerShell. I have been given a 'key.pem' file. Download your PEM file from Amazon EC2. Download file using SSH. The remote server must have running SSH server. For this conversion, putty provides a tool called PuTTYgen. I am trying to copy an SSH public key on several EC2 instances. Submit Advanced site settings dialog with OK button. If the PEM file needs importing into a Mozilla email client like Thunderbird, you might have to first export the PEM file out of Firefox. .PEM is a OpenSSL public Key format.. You2d need to convert is to ssh before using it. if you no need add passphrase on your key then you can add passphrase with key but I skipped the passphrase on server. 1st create the keys and RSA will create public and private keys. PEM FILE: Go to the section of the Amazon Lightsail site with access to ssh and instance management. The above information also briefs users on using PuTTY’s SSH client to connect virtual servers with local machines. ssh-keygen -m PEM -t rsa -b 4096 Create a VM using your key. Choose OK.. To save the key in the format that PuTTY can use, choose Save private key. PPK(Putty Private Key) is a windows ssh client, it does not support .pem format. Run the following command on your local system to add the SSH key to the agent. The ssh client allows you to selects a file from which the identity (private key) for RSA or DSA authentication is read. PuTTY requires that you use this .pem file to convert your private key into a .ppk file before it can be used to connect via ssh. Now only the user itself has access to .ssh and .ssh/authorized_keys in which the public keys of your remote machines are stored. Say you have a private key in PEM format, and you want to use that key for SSH into another server, by adding an entry to your ~/.ssh/authorized_keys file with the public key of such PEM file. on my PC this location is. For reference: the -f portion indicates the input file to read from-m 'PEM indicates a PEM filetype; the -e option indicates that the output will be exported A lot of open source software, as well as AWS, generate .pem files for you to use. In this case: Export the public key in either the standard SSH2 public key format, or in the OpenSSH format. Changes are made in file ~/.ssh/authorized_keys such as copy the pub in file ~/.ssh/authorized_keys on the machine to which you want to connect, appending it to its end if the file already exists. Step 1 – Prepare PPK file. Because of this, ssh didn't recognise the key format and assumed it was encrytped by a passphrase. (It doesn't work) ssh user@host (It works) ssh -i ~/key.pem user@host 1 - If the pem file contains a private key, why it's important to access a remote host with ssh? The simplest method would be to add your own public keys to your EC2 instance, and ignore the PEM file … $ ssh -i MyKeyPair.pem ubuntu@ This is assuming we are running this command from the directory containing our MyKeyPair.pem file. So, you should convert your .pem file to .ppk file. I have installed the OpenSSH in Windows settings screen. This tutorial will help you to understand download and upload file over SSH protocol. Save this PEM file somewhere on your machine. We used key-gen with our email to create a private/public key and then copied .PUB file to the server; Just keep on ssh-ing to the server without having to enter any password; Now, I came across another model where another team uses this .pem file and they have to use this .pem file to ssh to the server every time. In AWS, when you first create a key pair file, that you want to use for your EC2 instances, AWS will allow you to download the PEM file to your local machine. In AWS, when you first create a key pair file, that you want to use for your EC2 instances, AWS will allow you to download the PEM file to your local machine. Identity files may also be specified on a per-host basis in the configuration file. ssh-keygen -f -m 'PEM' -e > id_rsa.pem Then simply copy the .pem key as necessary. Assuming you have a Key Pair file .pem already created in EC2 management console, connect to your instance, in my case Ubuntu 12.04.2 LTS 64 with this command: $ ssh -i ec2.pem Create a file ~/.ssh/authorized_keys if already exist ignore this step $ vim ~/.ssh/authorized_keys . ssh-keygen -y -f my-new-key.pem | ssh user@host \ -i already-on-remote-server-key.pem 'cat > ~/.ssh/authorized_keys' PowerShell connect with SSH using .pem file. With most clients, you can export the public key into a file, transfer the file to the SSH Server, and import it into SSH Server settings. Remember to replace KEYFILE with the path to your private key: $ ssh-add KEYFILE Connect to the host using the -A option. ssh-keygen -m PEM -t rsa -b 4096 If you use the Azure CLI to create your VM with the az vm create command, you can optionally generate SSH public and private key files using the --generate-ssh-keys option. The contents of the SSH client config file is organized into stanzas (sections). For this conversion, putty provides a tool called PuTTYgen. So, you should convert your .pem file to .ppk file. Impotent :- You need to backup old key files if you have old keys server. Use the chmod command (in bold below) to make sure your private key file isn’t publicly viewable. This will connect to server with user “username” and copy the /backup/ file to local system directory /local/dir. Store the passphrase in the macOS keychain If you are using macOS, and after verifying that your new key allows you to connect, you have the option of storing the passphrase for your key in the macOS keychain. Enter all this into the ssh config file. To create a Linux VM that uses SSH keys for authentication, provide your SSH public key when creating the VM. share. First of all, you’ll need to convert your private key from PEM format provided by AWS to PPK format supported by PuTTY. 1. I know that I can use ssh-keygen, But I want to use it for a specific user, And I need a script that will do for me all process. Each stanza starts with the Host directive and contains specific SSH options that are used when establishing a connection with the remote SSH server.. Indentation is not required but is recommended since it makes the file easier to read. 1. A common program for ssh on Windows is PuTTY or putty-nd. You may have this file with .pem suffix. If I were you I'd create a new keypair and replace the new public key with each server2s ~/.ssh/authorized_keys file. … Select your .pem file for the key pair that you specified when you launched your instance and choose Open.PuTTYgen displays a notice that the .pem file was successfully imported. So there are two ways you can use the PuTTY key to login to the server and/or transfer files: Convert the PuTTY private key ( .ppk ) to a PEM-formatted file (the 'normal' private key format used by OpenSSH) and ssh / sftp in the usual way; or Download AWS PEM file. If we are executing this command from some other directory then we will need to provide the correct path of the MyKeyPair.pem file. Save this PEM file somewhere on your machine. $ chmod 700 ~/.ssh. c:\users\marcin\.ssh. Select your instance and make sure your key (pem file) matches your key pair name 6. You must do this every time you restart your computer. If the SFTP Protocol is specified, it is possible to specify the Logon Type as “Key File” and specify the location of the private key file (in .ppk or .pem format – see below for conversion options from other formats.) Then you can simply connect to your EC2 instance via SSH like so: ssh Reading the ssh-copy-id man page, when you pass the key file, the program adds .pub extension if it missing.. AWS keys are generated are .pem format, and I can use this workaround:. WinSCP will need to convert the key to its .ppk format (you can then use the converted .ppk key for example with PuTTY SSH client). How To Use Your PEM File. Pem is your private key, unlike .pub - the public key, private key stays always only on you computer, newer give up your private key. On my Mac, that location is ~/.ssh/tot.pem. This is unwieldy to type every time, so there are a few ways to fix this. The default format is PEM when you generate a key pair directly from Azure. You can use PEM files manually by adding the -i flag to ssh: ssh -i keyfile.pem user@host. Hence you have to convert it to .ppk format using PuTTyGen. The key files are stored in the ~/.ssh directory unless specified otherwise with the --ssh … Converting a .pem file to a .ppk using PuTTYgen may now seem simple. Content of ~/.ssh/id_rsa can be replaced with .pem file, it works fine, no conversion is needed. I've 2 nodes, and I can only contact them with ssh using a pem file. Firefox and Thunderbird . Question. Private SSH key (.pem key file) for the host which will forward the key. Scroll down and find the public key Download this Store it in the same folder with your .ssh config. Pem file is a private file which do generate via ssh-keygen on linux server. In Private key file box select the .pem private key file. Download AWS PEM file. Enter a passphrase for the file, or leave the passphrase blank if you do not want to use a passphrase. I have given below details of an SFTP server to login. On Ubuntu, I used to use the command, ssh -i "key.pem" How can I do the same on PowerShell? ipaddress, username, password, port(8800), password protected ppk file. The default is ~/.ssh/identity for protocol version 1, and ~/.ssh/id_rsa and ~/.ssh/id_dsa for protocol version 2. Standalone PuTTY installations usually come bundled with PuTTYgen utility that can do the job for you, so if you already have one – feel free to find it somewhere under Start Menu. 6 6. comments. I want to create a .pem file to connect to the server. Then, import it into your SSH store with this command: ssh-add /path/to/pemfile.pem. This is what format the private key is downloaded in. The user is prompted for the key file’s password if necessary. Open up the puttygen program. Two or more private keys Back to PSCP, users are required to use the private key they generated while converting the .pem file to the .ppk file. Hi, I don't think PEM file is compatible with SSH. If you want to authenticate to Azure Linux VMs using Putty you will have to convert the PEM file to PPK, or authentication will fail.